Of the Cenotaph, Muñoz said "It is one of the most outstanding pieces of modern geometry I can think of. It hasn't been damaged by the passage of time". In response to an invitation to create a public sculpture on the South Bank of the River Thames in association with the exhibition Doubletake: Contemporary Art and Collective Memory at the Hayward Gallery in early 1992, Muñoz designed his own anonymous memorial, a 4.5 metre high sculpture of artificial stone, to which three cast bronze flags were attached, echoing the flags on the cenotaph.
Untitled (Monument) was, Muñoz said, a "sculpture designed as a monument", a memorial to the idea of memorialising. Passers-by could project on to this sculptural apparition their own interpretations of what event the monument may have been inviting them to remember.
Image: Untitled (Monument),1992, photograph: Lisa Harty.
Although also working in performance and audio, he is most known for his figurative works and large scale installations with which he explored size and space; notably Double Bind, the second Unilever commission for Tate Modern’s Turbine Hall. Showing early on in his career at the ICA and the Lisson Gallery, London, Muñoz went on to exhibit internationally.
Since his death, there have been major retrospective exhibitions at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Tate Modern and Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia.
Image: (above) Juan Muñoz performing Man in a Room Gambling. Photograph: Stephen White. (Left) Monument, photograph: Lisa Harty.
Who made this possible?
Untitled (Monument) was commissioned by Artangel in association with the Southbank Centre as part of the exhibition Doubletake: Collective Memory and Current Art at the Hayward Gallery, 20 February - 19 April 1992.