Red Lines

Evan Roth

10 September 2018 - 10 September 2020

Connecting you to the landscape of the internet

Read more

Connecting you to the landscape of the internet.

A network of mesmerising video landscapes is streamed free to your home or workplace in this pioneering new project by Evan Roth.

Roth has travelled to coastal sites around the world where the cables that make the internet possible emerge from the sea. Filmed in infrared, the same spectrum in which data is transmitted online, the videos reveal another side of the internet, one that moves at the speed of weather, wind, and tide.

Red Lines can be experienced by anyone in the world. To join the network, all you need is a device like a smartphone, tablet or laptop, and an internet connection. Devices should ideally be plugged into power and connected to an internet connection with no data limits (check with your service provider) with the browser set to More detailed instructions available via the website below.


Video: Red Lines running on a phone in the kitchen. Photograph: Tobias Faisst. Compositing: Tom Hadley

Living with Red Lines

Read more

Living with Red Lines

In the viewer’s own home or workplace, where the piece is intended to be experienced, the scene updates every three to 19 minutes as a server from one of the cable landing sites delivers each new, infrared landscape to their cracked smartphone, obsolete tablet, or dust-coated laptop.

Roth travelled to these sites in Argentina, Australia, France, Hong Kong, India, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States, and filmed them using a camera adapted to record in the infra-red spectrum, the same as that in which data is transmitted through the cables. Clouds drift across the screen between gaps in the umbrella pines’ canopy in Cape Town, South Africa. A tree bends in the sea breeze on the main island of the Northern Gothenburg Archipelago just outside of Gothenburg, Sweden. In Takapuna beach in New Zealand, gulls preen their feathers around the base of a broken beacon.

The velocity of data including moving image, networked communication, and the delivery of goods veils some of the internet’s more nefarious aspects: its historical ties to colonialism through the British Empire’s The All Red Line and its contemporary ties to state surveillance amongst them.

The piece’s devotion to stillness, attention, and attentiveness allows viewers to physically attune to a slower time zone. Moving intentionally at the ‘speed of nature’, it encourages a slower and at times more solitary, domestic consumption of the work and makes space for considerations of the physicality, history, and landscape of the internet.

Video: Red Lines plays on a rotated TV screen in the living room. Photograph: Tobias Faisst. Compositing: Tom Hadley

How to

Like family photographs, TVs, and postcards, Red Lines is supposed to be lived with. Follow these five steps to display it in your own home.
Read more

How do I set up Red Lines?

Follow these five steps

  1. Find a smartphone, tablet, or laptop you're not using every day or that you'd be happy spending some time without using for its usual purpose each day.
  2. Turn on your device and connect to your wifi network.
  3. Open in your browser and set your browser to display full screen. You can achieve this by saving the address to your home screen on mobile and tablet and then opening the address from this icon.
  4. Orient device so that the video seen is upright. If you're on a laptop, turn it on its side (so it's open like a book) with the power cable at the top. Tap ‘r’ to flip the screen 180° if necessary.
  5. Find a place to put your device in your home or workplace where you can just peacefully live with it like any other work of art: a bookshelf, a TV stand, on your wall, or on your desk for example. 

To maximise your viewing experience you are also advised to

  • Disable any notifications (e.g. enable 'do not disturb' mode).
  • Turn off auto-lock so the screen stays on even after periods of inactivity.
  • Turn your screen brightness up to its maximum setting.

More in-depth help guides including videos are available at

The piece set up behind the shop's till.

Lily Blacksell working with Red Lines installed at the London Review Bookshop. Photograph: Andy Donohoe


Help setting up Red Lines on your device
Read more

Tech Support

If you would like help setting up Red Lines on your device, you can:

Please allow a few days for a response.

It is also worth checking @RedlinesStatus on Twitter for updates about any problems or downtime in the network which might be accountable for the issues you are experiencing.

Image: Artist Evan Roth helps people set up Red Lines on their phones. Photograph: Matthew Andrews


Read more

...your connection to the land you walk on helps shape your very identity. You are who you are because of who came before you; the earth and waters that supported them, now support you. — Janina Matthewson

Network Map

Connecting viewers to each other and to the landscape of the internet
Read more

Network Map

On visiting, a live map shows the location of your current connection – where you are – the location of the server where the currently streaming network located video was filmed and is also stored, as well as other people on the network with whom you are sharing an experience as well as literally sharing data.

The red lines between all these nodes represent the non-social peer-to-peer network that enables this work to exist.

The title also refers to The All Red Line, the submarine telegraph cable system linking territories of the British Empire inaugurated in 1910. Many of today’s vast intercontinental fibre-optic cables – the vital arteries of the digital world – land in the same places where telegraph cables once emerged from the ocean. 


Network Located Videos

Like a pilgrim of the internet, Evan Roth has travelled all over the world to record the landscapes where cables emerge from the sea
Read more

On first glance, it seems as if nothing is going on, but you should be able to notice subtle changes in light as clouds pass in front of the sun, animals, people, aeroplanes and boats moving in and out of frame, and changes in the wind and wave patterns. — Evan Roth

Network Located Videos

It was in this area that I first encountered the feeling of being alone and geographically isolated while simultaneously being so close physically to the network.  – Evan Roth on describing his first trip to a network cable landing location in Cornwall, UK

Roth was inspired to visit cable landing points across the world after witnessing the transformation of the internet from a place populated by personal websites, forums, and message boards into a centralised system dominated by Facebook, Google, and Amazon. His visits were characterised by a twin sense of loss (of a DIY ethos and decentralised community) and desire to search (for optimism, wonder, possibility, and empowerment.)

Red Lines is comprised of 70 individual network located videos, filmed in ten countries on six continents, with durations between three minutes 26 seconds and 19 minutes 48 seconds, totalling over 17 hours altogether. All but one depicts a landscape where the cables that form our intercontinental connections emerge from the sea.

In Argentina, horses drink languidly at the water’s edge; in France, branches sway in the breeze; in South Africa, birds fly briefly across the screen. Other than small flashes of action, the works are notable for their stillness. In opposition to the pace of the modern internet where immediacy (5Mbs downloads), brevity (280 characters), and connectedness (14k followers) are the currency, the work intentionally moves at the speed of nature, making space for slowness, contemplation, and detail.

Quote: excerpt from an interview with Roth by Bani Brusadin, Ruth McCullough, and Domenico Quaranta for the catalogue The Black Chamber: surveillance, paranoia, invisibility & the internet.

About Evan Roth

Read more

Evan Roth

Evan Roth was selected as part of the 2017 Artangel Everywhere open call for proposals to produce a major project that can be experienced anywhere in the world.

Based in Berlin, Roth's practice visualizes and archives typically unseen aspects of rapidly changing communication technologies. Through a range of media from sculpture to websites, the work addresses the personal and cultural effects surrounding these changes and the role of individual agency within the media landscape.

Roth is the co-founder of the Graffiti Research Lab and the Free Art & Technology Lab (F.A.T. Lab) and his work has been exhibited at the Tate and Whitechapel Gallery and is in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art NYC.

Images: Evan Roth (left) setting up for an event; (above) outside Viaduct Showroom. Both photographs: Matthew Andrews


Read more

Roth’s ideas for the work stem from the decentralised peer-to-peer networks that brought illicitly obtained, pirated culture to many a bedroom-bound teenager in the early 2000s. – Lucy Watson, Financial Times

Selected Press

Roth’s ideas for the work stem from the decentralised peer-to-peer networks that brought illicitly obtained, pirated culture to many a bedroom-bound teenager in the early 2000s. – Lucy Watson, Financial Times, 28 September 2018.
I’m not looking to document the cables but rather to undertake the process of seeking them out to begin a different understanding of my surroundings. – Evan Roth interviewed by Paul Carter Robinson, Artlyst, 10 September 2018.

Production Credits

Read more

Production Credits

Artist: Evan Roth
Web Development: using WebTorrent
Project Website Designed: Manuel Buerger
Artist Studio Assistants: Paul Bille and Monika Dorniak
Produced for Artangel by Charmian Griffin

Image: Smartphone amongst extension cables, lightening and micro USB charging cables. Photograph: Tobias Faisst

Artist Talk

1 hour 5 minutes
Read more

Artist Talk

Evan Roth discusses Red Lines at The Photographers’ Gallery on 21 June 2019, the summer solstice.

Also available to view on Vimeo and YouTube.


Read more

Who made this possible?


Red Lines is commissioned and produced by Artangel. The project is generously supported by Creative Capital.

Artangel is generously supported using public funding by Arts Council England, and by the private patronage of The Artangel International CircleSpecial Angels, Guardian Angels, and The Company of Angels.